Human Security – Definition
The United Nations Commission on Human Security defines human security as the effort by states and organizations to protect the vital core of all human lives in ways that enhance human freedoms and human fulfilment as well as empower people to provide and care for themselves. Specifically, it entails creating a society that minimizes threats to the well-being and safety of people in every facet of society (Haq, 1994). Human security is far more than the absence of violent conflict. It encompasses human rights, good governance and access to economic opportunity, education and health care. It is a concept that comprehensively addresses freedom from fear and want. This freedom from fear and want has come to include addressing such consequences/threats as hunger, inadequate food and water resources, infectious diseases, the lack of educational and economic opportunities, exposure to violence, drug trafficking and human trafficking (United Nations Commission on Human Security, 2003; McCormack, 2011 & School for International Studies, Simon Fraser University, 2012)
Haq, M. (1994) New Imperatives of Human Security, RGICS Paper No. 17, Rajiv Gandhi Foundation: Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, NewDelhi, accessed at: http://www.rgics.org/pdf1/wpo-17.pdf (12 October 2012).
McCormack, T. (2011) Human security and the separation of security and development, Conflict, Security & Development, 11 (2), 235–260.
School for International Studies, Simon Fraser University (2012) Human Security Report 2012: Sexual Violence, Education,War: Beyond the Main Narrative, Human Security Research Group, Human Security Press, Vancouver, Canada, accessed at: http:// hsrgroup.org/docs/Publications/HSR2012/2012HumanSecurityReport-FullText- LowRes.pdf (29 October 2012).
Dr. Portia Rawles & Human Security
Human Security Now is an initiative by Dr. Rawles to bring awareness of the human security challenges faced by the vulnerable populations of the United States. These vulnerable populations include: impoverished adults and youth, the elderly, ethnic minorities, mentally ill and the homeless.
To promote the achievement of human security among vulnerable people in the United States by increasing national awareness/understanding of human security and the lack there-of, facilitating and supporting relevant research and supporting interventions that address the lack of human insecurity.
o Businesses & Enterprises Opportunities
o Income Inequality
o Employment Opportunities
o Wages & Earnings
o Access to Healthcare
o Infant mortality rates
o Child Abuse
o Access to Nutritional Food
- Drug Trafficking
- Human Trafficking
o Adequate Primary and Secondary Schools
o High School Graduation Rates
o Internet Access
o Access to Post-Secondary Education
o Quantity of Affordable, Adequate Housing
o Quantity of dilapidated structures
o Average Home Values
o Quantity of subsidized /public housing
o Quantity of foreclosed homes
o Levels of PM2.5
o Disasters/Extreme Weather Event Recovery Ability
o Flood zones
o Inept and/or Corrupt Societal Institutions
- Penal Systems
- Election/ Political System
o Access to Reliable Public Transportation
o Voting Rights
1) Increasing national awareness – Human Security Now will utilize various platforms; social media, conferences, website and internet blog radio to disseminate information and research regarding the human security challenges of vulnerable people in the United States.
2) Human Security Now will facilitate and support relevant research that promotes greater understanding of the human security challenges of vulnerable people in order to develop effective interventions and policies that help to mitigate human security challenges.
3) Human Security Now will support the development and implementation of interventions, which address the various human security challenges of vulnerable people in the United States.